Crown Prince Siddhartha Gautama, born 623 BC e. in North India, as you know, decided to find a way to get rid of suffering. Leaving the luxurious life in the palace, he shaved his head, put on a yellow robe and went on a wandering trip.
At first he lived with hermits, tortured his body, but did not find answers to tormenting questions. Finally, Gautama found a tree (later called the Bodha tree), sat down under it and decided not to leave the place until the truth was revealed to him. After seven weeks of meditation, Siddhartha regained his sight, becoming at that moment Buddha (which means "one who has received his sight"). He was then 35 years old.
From that moment until his physical death at the age of 80, the Buddha wandered again, but already with sermons on how to live in order not to suffer. After 300 years, another high-born Indian - the son of Emperor Ashoka, the monk Mahinda sailed to the island of Ceylon (which was then called Singhaladvila, that is, the Island of Lions) to spread the teachings of Buddha. And he planted a seedling there from that very Bodha tree. Thus began the history that made Ceylon (since 1972 it became known as the Republic of Sri Lanka) one of the world capitals of Buddhism.
The island of Sri Lanka has passed from hand to hand many times - the Tamils (immigrants from South India) fought with the Sinhalese (the first settlers from North India who founded a state here); the Portuguese king instilled in Catholicism; the Dutch exported cinnamon, pearls and salt; the British, who called the island Britain's most valuable colonial acquisition, tried to grow rubber and coffee. True, all the coffee trees 10 years after planting completely died from the fungus, and then the British came up with a happy idea to plant the liberated lands with a tea bush.
Ceylon tea, as it turned out later, turned out to be of much higher quality and in demand than local coffee. But everyday life in Ceylon has always been defined by Buddhist principles - love, compassion, tolerance and equality. The Buddha himself, according to legend, was on the island three times. And now, wherever you go in Sri Lanka, everywhere you come across images of Buddha. Most often he sits in the lotus position, with his arms crossed on his chest - like, for example, Samadhi Buddha in the museum of the ancient capital of Anuradhapura.
If you look at the sculpture directly, you can see the meditating Buddha at the moment of insight, if you look in profile on the left, the Buddha is sad, and on the right, he smiles. There is also a reclining Buddha, for example, a 25-meter statue in the stone temple of Gal Vihara in the city of Polonnaruwa. By the way, if the lying Buddha has his big toes connected, it means that he is depicted as having a rest, and if divorced, then he is in nirvana.